History of Slovenia

World War I brought heavy casualties to Slovenes, notably the twelve Battles of the Isonzo, which happened in present-day Slovenia’s western border area with Italy. Hundreds of thousands of Slovene conscripts have been drafted into the Austro-Hungarian Army, and over 30,000 of them died. Hundreds of thousands of Slovenes from Gorizia and Gradisca were resettled in refugee camps in Italy and Austria. While the refugees in Austria obtained first rate treatment, the Slovene refugees in Italian camps were treated as state enemies, and several thousand died of malnutrition and diseases between 1915 and 1918.[sixty seven] Entire areas of the Slovene Littoral had been destroyed.

Maribor, Slovenia: a cultural city guide

Get out into the nation. Are you thinking of visiting Slovenia for the first time? Yet, still after reading many articles about this beautiful country you aren’t positive what to anticipate?


The principal task of the ECB is to maintain inflation underneath management. Though there isn’t any frequent illustration, governance or fiscal policy for the forex union, some co-operation does take place via the Eurogroup, which makes political choices relating to the eurozone and the euro.

On 1 December 1918 the State of Slovenes, Croats and Serbs merged with Serbia, changing into part of the new Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes, itself being renamed in 1929 to Kingdom of Yugoslavia. Between 1805 and 1813, the Slovene-settled territory was part of the Illyrian Provinces, an autonomous province of the Napoleonic French Empire, the capital of which was established at Ljubljana. Although the French rule within the Illyrian Provinces was quick-lived it significantly contributed to greater nationwide self-confidence and consciousness of freedoms. The French didn’t totally abolish the feudal system, their rule familiarised in more detail the inhabitants of the Illyrian Provinces with the achievements of the French revolution and with up to date bourgeois society. They introduced equality earlier than the law, obligatory navy service and a uniform tax system, and also abolished certain tax privileges, introduced trendy administration, separated powers between the state and the Church, and nationalised the judiciary.

Following the dissolution of Austro-Hungarian Empire in the aftermath of the World War I, a National Council of Slovenes, Croats and Serbs took power in Zagreb on 6 October 1918. On 29 October independence was declared by a national gathering in Ljubljana, and by the Croatian parliament, declaring the institution of the new State of Slovenes, Croats and Serbs.

slovenian girl

Serbia has been historically a Christian nation because the Christianization of Serbs by Clement of Ohrid and Saint Naum within the 9th century. The dominant confession is Eastern Orthodoxy of the Serbian Orthodox Church. During the Ottoman rule of the Balkans, Sunni Islam established itself in the territories of Serbia, primarily in southern regions of Raška (or Sandžak) and Preševo Valley, as well as in the disputed territory of Kosovo and Metohija. The Catholic Church has roots within the nation for the reason that presence of Hungarians in Vojvodina (mainly within the northern part of the province), while Protestantism arrived within the 18th and 19th century with the settlement of Slovaks in Vojvodina.

Resolution on National Forest Programme. Federation of Forest Associations of Slovenia. Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Food, Slovenia. Archived from the unique on eight September 2012. “European Day of Parks 2012”.


Slovenia has supported the accession of Croatia to the European Union, but has demanded that the opened bilateral questions be resolved before Croatia’s accession to the Union. Drnovšek held the place of the President of Republic from 2002 to 2007. During the term, in March 2003, Slovenia held two referendums on joining the EU and NATO.

Language is the cornerstone of Slovenian national identification. Slovenians are proud of their culture and language, which they regard as a great asset and part of the nationwide identity. Protestantism laid the foundations of the Slovenian literary language and brought Slovenes the first printed Slovene-language books Katekizem (Catechism) and Abecednik (Elementary Reader), written by Primož Trubar in 1550. The treaty entered into drive on 1 January 2013 for the 16 states which accomplished ratification prior of this date.[sixty seven] As of 1 April 2014, it had been ratified and entered into drive for all 25 signatories. The ECB, which is ruled by a president and a board of the heads of nationwide central banks, units the financial policy of the zone.

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In the late 18th century, a process of standardarization of Slovene language began, promoted by Carniolan clergymen like Marko Pohlin and Jurij Japelj. During the same period, peasant-writers started utilizing and promoting the Slovene vernacular in the countryside. This well-liked movement, known as bukovniki, started amongst Carinthian Slovenes as half a wider revival of Slovene literature.

This division was ratified solely in 1975 with the Treaty of Osimo, which gave a ultimate legal sanction to Slovenia’s lengthy disputed western border. From the Nineteen Fifties, the Socialist Republic of Slovenia enjoyed a relatively extensive autonomy. The annexed western quarter of Slovene ethnic territory, and roughly 327,000 out of the entire population of 1.three[sixteen] million Slovenes,[17] had been subjected to forced Fascist Italianization.

One reflection of this was an try on the rejection of a Slavic identity in favour of a “Venetic” one. The autochthonist (protochronist) “Venetic theory” was superior in the mid 1980s, nevertheless it never gained wide foreign money. The identification with Slavic roots stays robust in Slovenia and in 2004 even led to the institution of the Forum of Slavic Cultures in Ljubljana.

Secondly, Slovenia has an advantageous geostrategic place. It is situated at the crossroads of major European cultural and trade routes. That`s why the placement of Slovenia is a strategic benefit. From the capital, Ljubljana, you need about an hour drive to all neighboring countries slovenia dating sites – Italy, Austria, Croatia and Hungary. A world away from the stillness of Lake Bled, and Slovenia’s pint-sized and picturesque capital,Ljubljana, is a area renowned for hiking and white-water rafting.

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Lenka Laskova

Lenka usually spends her time reading and writing. She loves animals and nature. In spare time, she translates poetry.