15 Nov | Posted by Lenka Laskova | no comments |
The Middle East is very diverse in terms of religions, many of which originated there. Islam is the largest religion within the Middle East, but different faiths that originated there, corresponding to Judaism and Christianity, are additionally well represented. Christians represent 40.5% of Lebanon, the place the Lebanese president, half of the cupboard, and half of the parliament comply with one of many numerous Lebanese Christian rites.
“Sister Cities Delegation to visit Ashgabat from Albuquerque, New Mexico.” U.S. Embassy in Turkmenistan web site. After exiting the Soviet Union, the town gained many excessive-rise residential buildings. Modern building techniques allow high-rise improvement (primarily 12 storeys) with relatively good safety against earthquakes.
The Kopet Dag Range is a area characterized by foothills, dry and sandy slopes, mountain plateaus, and steep ravines; Mount Şahşah (2,912 m), also known as Mount Rizeh, southwest of Ashgabat, is the highest elevation of the Kopet Dag Range in Turkmenistan. The Kopet Dag is undergoing tectonic transformation, which means that the area is threatened by earthquakes such as the one that destroyed Ashgabat in 1948.
Progress towards reforms has been sporadic, and enhancements will require significant time, effort, and sources. Пресс выпуски – В России seventy four% православных и 7% мусульман [Press releases – In Russia seventy four% are Orthodox and seven% are Muslims] (in Russian). On the opposite hand, some Muslim leaders are against the secular idea of presidency and especially to a authorities managed by former communists.
Turkmenistan Airlines operates common flights to Moscow, London, Frankfurt, Birmingham, Bangkok, Delhi, Abu Dhabi, Amritsar, Kiev, Lviv, Beijing, Istanbul, Minsk, Almaty, Tashkent and St. Petersburg. There are numerous newspapers and month-to-month magazines revealed and online information-portal Turkmenportal in Turkmenistan. Turkmenistan presently broadcasts 7 nationwide TV channels via satellite. They are Altyn asyr, Yashlyk, Miras, Turkmenistan (in 7 languages), Türkmen Owazy, Turkmen sporty and Ashgabat.
There are not any commercial or personal TV stations. Articles published by the state-controlled newspapers are closely censored and written to glorify the state and its leader. President Niyazov spent much of the country’s income on extensively renovating cities, Ashgabat specifically. The Great Balkhan Range in the west of the country (Balkan Province) and the Köýtendag Range on the southeastern border with Uzbekistan (Lebap Province) are the only other significant elevations.
The International University of Humanities and Development is another English-medium establishment of higher education. The Trans-Caspian Railway (Turkmenbashi–Balkanabat–Bereket–Ashgabat–Mary–Türkmenabat) runs through Ashgabat from east to west. Since 2006 there may be additionally a practice line from Ashgabat to the north, the Trans-Karakum Railway. In May 2009 the restoration of the Ashgabat railway station was accomplished.
Following the decisive Battle of Geok Tepe in January 1881, Turkmenistan turned part of the Russian Empire. After the Russian Revolution, Soviet control was established by 1921 as Turkmenistan was reworked from a medieval Islamic area to a largely secularized republic. By 1991, with the autumn https://asianbrides.org/turkmenistan-women/ of the Soviet Union, Turkmenistan achieved independence as nicely, however was dominated by a one-get together system of presidency led by the authoritarian regime of President Saparmurat Niyazov until his death in December 2006.
Soviet rule was established in Ashgabat in December 1917. However, in July 1918, a coalition of Mensheviks, Social Revolutionaries, and Tsarist former officers of the Imperial Russian Army revolted in opposition to the Bolshevik rule emanating from Tashkent and established the Ashkhabad Executive Committee. After receiving some support (however even more promises) from General Malleson, the British withdrew in April 1919 and the Tashkent Soviet resumed management of the city. ) between 1919 and 1927, is the capital and the most important city of Turkmenistan.
5Part of the Realm of New Zealand. 7Unincorporated territory of the United States.
The United States and Turkmenistan have a most-favored-nation commerce settlement. The U.S. government considers the Soviet-period dual taxation conference to continue to be in effect and relevant between the United States and Turkmenistan. Справочник всех религиозных течений и объединений в России [The Reference Book on All Religious Branches and Communities in Russia] (in Russian).
Cleveland, William L., and Martin Bunton. A history of the modern Middle East (Westview Press, 2016). Anderson, R; Seibert, R; Wagner, J. Politics and Change within the Middle East (8th ed.).